Book Review: Actual History is Better than Game of Thrones
I know lots of people who are excited about the impending premier of the 8th and final season of Game of Thrones. It’s a compelling show, no doubt. But where will these people turn when the season is over? I would humbly suggest the book Ghost on the Throne, by James S. Romm.
Ghost on the Throne concerns the fallout from the premature death of Alexander the Great, shortly after he conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans south to Egypt and east to India and Afghanistan. This is real history, but there are strong parallels with the GoT plot line.
Both stories begin with the death of a king, and both stories are driven by the ruthless and bloody politics of dynastic succession. In Ghost on the Throne, that succession was made especially complicated and murderous because Alexander tried to unite his empire by marrying into the royal families of several regions.
With Alexander’s passing, each one of these royal widows and their offspring were thrown into a bloody contest. Failure to consolidate control over the throne meant death, because none could allow their legitimacy to be undermined by a living rival.
Alexander’s leading generals engaged in shifting alliances (sometimes involving marriage) with the royal widows and children, using them to advance their own ambitions. Some wanted to hold the empire together while others sought to take control over a particular region, but all sought legitimacy through connection to the dead Alexander and his royal house, the Argeads.
James Romm, a professor of classics at Bard College, is a very skilled storyteller. The raw material he works with has enough of the fantastic and grotesque to quicken the heartbeat of any HBO director.
For example, Alexander’s embalmed body was hijacked while being transported back to Greece. Ptolemy, a general who had taken control of Egypt, engineered the seizure. Control of the body conferred enormous prestige, so Ptolemy created a shrine for it in Alexandria, where it attracted pilgrims for decades.
Then there were the Silver Shields, an elite infantry unit whose shields were literally coated with silver as a sign of Alexander’s favor. They played an outsize role in the power struggles of the period. Their loyalty could be bought for the right price, causing them to switch sides more than once on the eve of battle.
And we cannot forget Alexander’s daughter Adea. In a move to consolidate dynastic power, Adea married her uncle Phillip, Alexander’s mentally retarded brother. She was a teenager at the time. A bona fide warrior princess, she would eventually lead an army into battle, dressed in the armor of an infantryman.
I could go on, but you get the idea. One difference between Ghost on the Throne and Game of Thrones is that GoT has a clearer division between heroes (or at least sympathetic characters) and villains. While many are compelling, it’s a challenge to identify any of the major figures in the post-Alexander era as heroic. Still, Ghost on the Throne would make an excellent TV show.